Throughout the 1920s criminals joined together in gangs. By 1927 the various bands had consolidated as the Green Gang with 100,000 members in the city. The influence of Green Gang grew following the coup of April 1927, partly due to the central role it played in events, but also due to the personal friendship between its leader Du Yuesheng and Chiang Kai-shek.

The Green Gang dominated the opium trade as well as a large percentage of the gambling dens and night clubs. In addition to these, the gang ran a protection racket against shopkeepers and organized kidnappings for ransom. The Green Gang was also a major factor in the recruitment of workers and had considerable influence on working life in general. Usually the doormen and foremen at the factories were members of the gang. Likewise, purchases of children for child labor and prostitution was part of the business of The Green Gang.

The success of The Green Gang was in no small part thanks to its utility for the white rulers of the concessions. Leading French officials in the French Concession accepted large bribes. The concession also employed the gangsters as part of its police force and several mob bosses were part of the city council or held key civil service positions.

Du Yuesheng also maintained close ties to the American leadership. Du approached the American administration in the days before Chiang Kai-shek's coup against the Communists and the unions on April 13, 1927, and was granted permission to operate in the International Settlement in exchange for eliminating the Communists.

In the years following 1927 Du Yuesheng amassed further power and in the 1930s he became one of the great business magnates of China.




Danish language flag  English language flag

Shanghai Modern Left
Shanghai Modern Menu Left

Shanghai Modern Menu Right

Shanghai Modern Title

Mob boss lets loose at party
Party loving gangster has been seen enjoying Shanghai's roaring nightlife again.

Indeed...Yet again, Du Yuesheng, the colorful leader of the Green Gang has been seen at a nightclub. Naturally it was Vienna Gardens where it has been noted that Du's set his eyes on little Beiping Li Li with her deep, black eyes...

Du is the one on the right on the picture. Next to him is his good friend Zhang Xiaolin, the head of the crime prevention committee of the French Concession. Furthest to the left, wearing the snazzy white suit, is another dear friend, Huang ”Pockmark” Jinrong. Unfortunately Beiping Li Li is nowhere to be seen.